Sensor activity with respect to alkali metals of a carbon nanotube edge-modified with amino group
The work is devoted to the theoretical study of sensor activity of nanosystems based on a carbon nanotube modified with a functional amino group, with respect to certain metal atoms and ions. The calculations were performed within the molecular cluster model using the semiempirical MNDO scheme and density functional theory DFT. The mechanism of attachment of an amino group to the open edge of zigzag single-walled carbon nanotubes possessing cylindrical symmetry was studied to design a chemically active sensor based on them. The key geometric and electron-energy characteristics of the constructed systems have been determined. The interaction of the sensors thus constructed with atoms and ions of some metals—potassium, sodium, and lithium—has been studied. The scanning of arbitrary surfaces containing selected atoms or ions has been modeled; from the interaction energies, and the activity of the single-walled carbon nanotube + amino group probe system has been determined with respect to the selected elements to be initialized. Analysis of the charge state of the system has established that the sensor action mechanism is realized, as a result of which the number of charge carriers in the resulting nanotubular system serving as a sensor probe changes, which provides the appearance of conductivity in the system. The presence of metallic atoms can be experimentally detected by the change in the potential in a probe system based on a nanotube with a functional group. The theoretical studies have proved the possibility of creating highly sensitive sensors based on the most promising nanomaterial— carbon nanotubes functionalized with active chemical groups, including the amino group NH2.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1134/S0036023617110213
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