3 years ago

A solid-state single-photon filter

A solid-state single-photon filter
Loïc Lanco, Jean Senellart, Carmen Gómez, Bogdan Reznychenko, Andrew G. White, Aristide Lemaître, Lorenzo De Santis, Alexia Auffèves, Niccolo Somaschi, Carlos Antón, Pascale Senellart, Isabelle Sagnes, Guillaume Coppola
A strong limitation of linear optical quantum computing is the probabilistic operation of two-quantum-bit gates based on the coalescence of indistinguishable photons. A route to deterministic operation is to exploit the single-photon nonlinearity of an atomic transition. Through engineering of the atom–photon interaction, phase shifters, photon filters and photon–photon gates have been demonstrated with natural atoms. Proofs of concept have been reported with semiconductor quantum dots, yet limited by inefficient atom–photon interfaces and dephasing. Here, we report a highly efficient single-photon filter based on a large optical nonlinearity at the single-photon level, in a near-optimal quantum-dot cavity interface. When probed with coherent light wavepackets, the device shows a record nonlinearity threshold around 0.3 ± 0.1 incident photons. We demonstrate that 80% of the directly reflected light intensity consists of a single-photon Fock state and that the two- and three-photon components are strongly suppressed compared with the single-photon one.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2017.85

DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2017.85

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