4 years ago

Progress towards the United Nations 90-90-90 and 95-95-95 targets: the experience in British Columbia, Canada

Rolando Barrios, Paul Sereda, Martin St-Jean, Julio S G Montaner, Bohdan Nosyk, Jean A. Shoveller, Ignacio Rozada, Viviane D. Lima, Robert S. Hogg
Introduction Antiretroviral therapy (ART) scale-up is central to the global strategy to control the HIV/AIDS pandemic. To accelerate efforts towards ending the AIDS epidemic, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS released the 90-90-90 and 95-95-95 targets, which have recently been approved by the United Nations (UN). This study characterizes the province of British Columbia (BC)'s progress towards achieving the UN targets, predicts a trajectory up to 2030 according to each of the individual steps (i.e. %Diagnosed, %On ART and %Virologically Suppressed), and identifies the population sub-groups at higher risk of not achieving these targets. Methods The analyses were based on linked individual-level datasets of people living with HIV (PLWH) in BC, aged ≥18 months, from 2000 to 2013. Using past trends in HIV prevalence and of each individual UN targets, we forecasted these outcomes until 2030 via generalized additive models. We ran a second set of analyses to assess the associations between individual demographic and behavioural factors and each of the individual steps of the UN targets. Lastly, we performed sensitivity analyses to account for uncertainty associated with prevalence estimates and suppression definitions. Results Among the estimated 10666 PLWH in BC in 2013, 82% were diagnosed, 76% of those diagnosed were on ART and 83% of those on ART were virologically suppressed. We identified that females, PLWH aged <30 years and those with unknown risk or who self-identify as having a history of injection drug use were the population subgroups that experienced the most challenge in engaging on ART and achieving viral suppression. Our model projections suggest that BC will achieve 90%-91%-90% and 97%-99%-97% by 2020 and 2030 respectively. Conclusions As we approach 2020, BC is rapidly moving towards achieving the UN targets. However, region-specific challenges persist. Identification of remaining regional challenges will be essential to achieving the proposed UN targets and therefore fulfilling the promise to end AIDS as a pandemic by 2030.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/jia2.25011

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