People diagnosed with HIV and in care in Italy in 2014: results from the second national survey
We conducted a second National survey in all Italian Infectious Disease clinics to assess the number of people diagnosed and linked to care and, among these, the number of people on antiretroviral therapy and viral load suppressed. In 2014, 100,049 (0.16 per 100 residents) people diagnosed and linked to care were estimated, corresponding to an increase of 6.3% compared to the survey conducted in 2012. Among people diagnosed and linked to care, 91.9% were on antiretroviral therapy (increase of 11.4% compared to 2012), and among these, 87.7% were viral load suppressed. Overall, the majority were males (72.1%), Italians (82.7%), aged 25–49 years (45.6%); the most common HIV mode of transmission was reported to be in heterosexual contact (37.9%) and men who had sex with men (31.3%); 8.8% had less than 350 CD4 cells/μL, 82.4% had VL <50 copies and 22.9% had a CDC stage C. In conclusion, the number of people diagnosed and linked to care was increasing. The vast majority of them was receiving ART but the percentage of people still with a detectable viral load was lower than the 90–90–90 WHO target.
Publisher URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09540121.2017.1400639
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