5 years ago

Nanoparticle stochastic motion in the inertial regime and hydrodynamic interactions close to a cylindrical wall.

Portonovo S Ayyaswamy, Helena Vitoshkin, Ravi Radhakrishnan, Hsiu-Yu Yu, David M Eckmann
We have carried out direct numerical simulations (DNS) of the fluctuating Navier-Stokes equation together with the particle equations governing the motion of a nanosized particle or nanoparticle (NP) in a cylindrical tube. The effects of the confining boundary, its curvature, particle size, and particle density variations have all been investigated. To reveal how the nature of the temporal correlations (hydrodynamic memory) in the inertial regime is altered by the full hydrodynamic interaction due to the confining boundaries, we have employed the Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) method to determine the dynamical relaxation of a spherical NP located at various positions in the medium over a wide span of time scales compared to the fluid viscous relaxation time τv = a(2)/v, where a is the spherical particle radius and v is the kinematic viscosity. The results show that, as compared to the behavior of a particle in regions away from the confining boundary, the velocity autocorrelation function (VACF) for a particle in the lubrication layer initially decays exponentially with a Stokes drag enhanced by a factor that is proportional to the ratio of the particle radius to the gap thickness between the particle and the wall. Independent of the particle location, beyond time scales greater than a(2)/v, the decay is always algebraic followed by a second exponential decay (attributed to the wall curvature) that is associated with a second time scale D(2)/v, where D is the vessel diameter.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevFluids.1.054104

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.1.054104

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