4 years ago

Human resistin protects against endotoxic shock by blocking LPS-TLR4 interaction [Immunology and Inflammation]

Human resistin protects against endotoxic shock by blocking LPS-TLR4 interaction [Immunology and Inflammation]
Meera G. Nair, Luca Gambini, Jiang Li, Jessica C. Jang, Li Fan, Hashini M. Batugedara, Maurizio Pellecchia, Sandeep Sati, Mitchell A. Lazar

Helminths trigger multiple immunomodulatory pathways that can protect from sepsis. Human resistin (hRetn) is an immune cell-derived protein that is highly elevated in helminth infection and sepsis. However, the function of hRetn in sepsis, or whether hRetn influences helminth protection against sepsis, is unknown. Employing hRetn-expressing transgenic mice (hRETNTg+) and recombinant hRetn, we identify a therapeutic function for hRetn in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced septic shock. hRetn promoted helminth-induced immunomodulation, with increased survival of Nippostrongylus brasiliensis (Nb)-infected hRETNTg+ mice after a fatal LPS dose compared with naive mice or Nb-infected hRETNTg mice. Employing immunoprecipitation assays, hRETNTg+Tlr4−/− mice, and human immune cell culture, we demonstrate that hRetn binds the LPS receptor Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) through its N terminal and modulates STAT3 and TBK1 signaling, triggering a switch from proinflammatory to anti-inflammatory responses. Further, we generate hRetn N-terminal peptides that are able to block LPS proinflammatory function. Together, our studies identify a critical role for hRetn in blocking LPS function with important clinical significance in helminth-induced immunomodulation and sepsis.

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