5 years ago

Chiral Arrangements of Au Nanoparticles with Prescribed Handedness Templated by Helical Pores in Block Copolymer Films

Chiral Arrangements of Au Nanoparticles with Prescribed Handedness Templated by Helical Pores in Block Copolymer Films
Xuemin Lu, James J. Watkins, Alexander Ribbe, Dong-po Song
Fabrication of films with plasmonic nanoparticles (NPs) arrays arranged in chiral configurations of prescribed handedness is highly attractive for the design of new functional materials; however, this remains a formidable challenge in nanotechnology. In this study, we demonstrated the controlled arrangements of gold (Au) NPs into helical structures templated by helical pores created in cross-linked block copolymer (BCP) films. d- and l-tartaric acid (TA) were used to direct the self-assembly of achiral poly(1,4-butadiene)-b-poly(ethylene oxide) BCPs into helical cylindrical morphologies with prescribed handedness, i.e., D or L. Helical pores were generated by BCP cross-linking followed by TA extraction. Helical Au NP arrays, subsequently arranged within the helical pores, exhibited the chiral optical response. The helical structures of NPs arrays and the resulting optical handedness were tunable simply by using either D- or L-porous templates. This simple strategy offers a straightforward pathway for the fabrication of chiral porous BCP films and helical NPs arrays with chiral optical properties.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.7b01364

DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.7b01364

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