4 years ago

Online extraction of antihypertensive drugs and their metabolites from untreated human serum samples using restricted access carbon nanotubes in a column switching liquid chromatography system

A novel analytical method was developed to determine 5 antihypertensive drugs of different pharmacological classes (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, α-2 adrenergic receptor agonists, angiotensin II receptor blockers, and aldosterone receptor antagonists) and some of their metabolites in human serum. The untreated samples were directly analyzed in a column switching system using an extraction column packed with restricted access carbon nanotubes (RACNTs) in an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to a mass spectrometer (UHPLC–MS/MS). The RACNTs column was able to exclude approximately 100% of proteins from the samples in 2.0min, maintaining the same performance for about 300 analytical cycles. The method was validated in accordance with Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidelines, being linear for all the determined analytes in their respective analytical ranges (coefficients of determination higher than 0.99) with limits of detection (LODs) and quantification (LOQs) ranging from 0.09 to 10.85μgL−1 and from 0.30 to 36.17μgL−1, respectively. High recovery values (88–112%) were obtained as well as suitable results for inter and intra-assay accuracy and precision. The method provided an analytical frequency of 5 samples per hour, including the sample preparation and separation/detection steps. The validated method was successfully used to analyze human serum samples of patients undergoing treatment with antihypertensive drugs, being useful for pharmacometabolomic, pharmacogenomic, and pharmacokinetic studies.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0021967317315959

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.