5 years ago

The “Nodular” α Form of Isotactic Polypropylene: Stiff and Strong Polypropylene with High Deformability

The “Nodular” α Form of Isotactic Polypropylene: Stiff and Strong Polypropylene with High Deformability
Anna Malafronte, Giampiero Morini, Claudio De Rosa, Dario Liguori, Fabrizio Piemontesi, Rocco Di Girolamo, Simona Esposito, Finizia Auriemma, Oreste Tarallo
A study of the nucleating effects of isotactic poly(trimethylallylsilane) (iPTMAS) and poly(vinylcyclohexane) (iPVCH) for isotactic polypropylene (iPP) and their influence on the mechanical behavior of iPP is reported. The particles of catalyst are covered by poly(trimethylallylsilane) or poly(vinylcyclohexane) by polymerization of the corresponding monomers before polymerization of propylene. The method guarantees that the nucleating agents are perfectly dispersed into the iPP samples, with their consequent high efficiency. Isotactic poly(vinylcyclohexane) and poly(trimethylallylsilane) favor crystallization from the melt of α and β forms, respectively. Both nucleating agents affect the morphology greatly reducing the size of shperulites. This in turn affects the mechanical properties improving ductility and flexibility. All nucleated samples crystallize by rapid cooling from the melt in the α form and not in the mesophase, as occurs in the pure iPP. The resulting α form presents nodular crystals and behaves as a stiff material with high deformability.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.7b00787

DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.7b00787

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