4 years ago

Goal-directed design of metal–organic frameworks for liquid-phase adsorption and separation

Goal-directed design of metal–organic frameworks for liquid-phase adsorption and separation
Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) which are constructed from metal ions/clusters with organic linkers are in a stage from fundamentals to applications. The application of MOFs in liquid-phase adsorption/separation is one of the most significant headway in environment and chemistry. Concerning tunable porosity, multiple functional sites and devisable host–guest interactions, goal-directed designs lead to task-specific MOFs and are requisite to perform precise molecular recognition in liquid-phase adsorption/separation. In this review, we give insights into the goal-directed design strategies of organic linkers and metal clusters for the elaboration of task-specific MOFs with targeting effect and high recognition capability, as well as related progress of MOF-derived membranes. In addition, we put forward the cooperation of different recognition mechanisms to achieve high adsorption/separation performance. At the end, we address the challenges in these fields and propose the prospects and possible evolution for future development.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S001085451730454X

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