4 years ago

Design and synthesis of highly selective pyruvate dehydrogenase complex E1 inhibitors as bactericides

Design and synthesis of highly selective pyruvate dehydrogenase complex E1 inhibitors as bactericides
In order to obtain PDHc-E1 inhibitors with high selectivity and efficacy, four series (7, 12, 15, and 19) of 35 novel 4-aminopyrimidine derivatives were rationally designed and synthesized based on the binding site of ThDP in E. coli PDHc-E1. 12, 15, and 19 were confirmed to be potent inhibitors against E. coli PDHc-E1. Selected compounds 12g, 12i, 15f, and 19a showed negligible inhibition against porcine PDHc-E1. To understand their selectivity, the interaction of inhibitor and E. coli PDHc-E1 or porcine PDHc-E1 was studied by molecular docking. The newly introduced acylhydrazone and N-phenylbenzamide moieties could form stronger interaction by hydrogen bond at the active site of E. coli PDHc-E1 compared with that of porcine PDHc-E1. A part of title compounds as potent PDHc-E1 inhibitors also exhibited notable antibacterial activity. In particular, 12e, 12f, 12g, 12o, and 19a exhibited 72-92% inhibition against Xanthomonas oryzae pv. Oryzae and Ralstonia solanacearum at 100 μg/mL, which was better than thiodiazole-copper (34 and 29%, respectively) and bismerthiazol (56 and 55%, respectively). The results proved that we could obtain effective bactericidal compounds as highly selective PDHc inhibitors by rational molecular design utilizing the binding model of active site of E. coli PDHc-E1.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S096808961731622X

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