5 years ago

Cardiovascular Complications of Cancer Therapy

Cardiovascular Complications of Cancer Therapy
In this second part of a 2-part review, we will review cancer or cancer therapy–associated systemic and pulmonary hypertension, QT prolongation, arrhythmias, pericardial disease, and radiation-induced cardiotoxicity. This review is based on a MEDLINE search of published data, published clinical guidelines, and best practices in major cancer centers. Newly developed targeted therapy can exert off-target effects causing hypertension, thromboembolism, QT prolongation, and atrial fibrillation. Radiation therapy often accelerates atherosclerosis. Furthermore, radiation can damage the heart valves, the conduction system, and pericardium, which may take years to manifest clinically. Management of pericardial disease in cancer patients also posed clinical challenges. This review highlights the unique opportunity of caring for cancer patients with heart problems caused by cancer or cancer therapy. It is an invitation to action for cardiologists to become familiar with this emerging subspecialty.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S073510971740996X

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