5 years ago

Electrospun thermosensitive hydrogel scaffold for enhanced chondrogenesis of human mesenchymal stem cells

Electrospun thermosensitive hydrogel scaffold for enhanced chondrogenesis of human mesenchymal stem cells
Hydrogels have shown great potential for cartilage tissue engineering applications due to their capability to encapsulate cells within biomimetic, 3-dimensional (3D) microenvironments. However, the multi-step fabrication process that is necessary to produce cell/scaffold constructs with defined dimensions, limits their off-the-shelf translational usage. In this study, we have developed a hybrid scaffolding system which combines a thermosensitive hydrogel, poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PEG-PNIPAAm), with a biodegradable polymer, poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL), into a composite, electrospun microfibrous structure. A judicious optimization of material composition and electrospinning process produced a structurally self-supporting hybrid scaffold. The reverse thermosensitivity of PEG-PNIPAAm allowed its dissolution/hydration upon cell seeding within a network of PCL microfibers while maintaining the overall scaffold shape at room temperature. A subsequent temperature elevation to 37 °C induced the hydrogel’s phase transition to a gel state, effectively encapsulating cells in a 3D hydrogel without the use of a mold. We demonstrated that the hybrid scaffold enhanced chondrogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) based on chondrocytic gene and protein expression, which resulted in superior viscoelastic properties of the cell/scaffold constructs. The hybrid scaffold enables a facile, single-step cell seeding process to inoculate cells within a 3D hydrogel with the potential for cartilage tissue engineering. Statement of Significance Hydrogels have demonstrated the excellent ability to enhance chondrogenesis of stem cells due to their hydrated fibrous nanostructure providing a cellular environment similar to native cartilage. However, the necessity for multi-step processes including mixing of hydrogel precursor with cells and subsequent gelation in a mold to form a defined shape, limits their off-the-shelf usage. In this study, we developed a hybrid scaffold by combining a thermosensitive hydrogel with a mechanically stable polymer, which provides a facile means to inoculate cells in a 3D hydrogel with a mold-less, single step cell seeding process. We further showed that the hybrid scaffold enhanced chondrogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells, demonstrating its potential for cartilage tissue engineering.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1742706117307055

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.