4 years ago

New roles and controls of mast cells

Mast cells are innate immune cells implicated in immune surveillance and defense. They are filled with secretory granules where a vast array of molecules endowed with multiple biological activities are stored. The process of granule secretion, named degranulation, is a tightly controlled biological phenomenon that allows mast cells to rapidly and efficiently release bioactive mediators in response to extracellular stimuli. MC degranulation allows fighting pathogens, limiting envenomation and contributes to tissue homeostasis. However, it is also a potentially harmful response that plays a key role in the development of allergy and inflammatory diseases. Recent findings revealed that MC degranulation is a complex modular process that can be controlled at multiple levels. First, mast cells can decode different activation stimuli into two main patterns of degranulation that differently impact inflammatory responses. Second, mast cells in contact with antibody-opsonized cells or parasites form antibody-dependent degranulatory synapse for dedicated secretion and defense. Third, IL-33 fine-tunes FcR-mediated degranulation at the single cell level. Together these recent findings show how mast cells adapt their degranulation responses to environmental cues and highlight the remarkable functional plasticity of these cells.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0952791517300882

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.