Anatomic double bundle ACL reconstruction outperforms any types of single bundle ACL reconstructions in controlling dynamic rotational laxity
To compare the different types of ACL reconstructions in terms of knee dynamic laxity evaluated by acceleration.
Sixteen fresh frozen cadaveric knees were used. Pivot shift test was manually performed while monitoring the tibial acceleration by use of a triaxial accelerometer. The test was repeated before and after the ACL resection and reconstruction. Three types of ACL reconstruction were tested: (1) Anatomic Single-Bundle reconstruction (n = 8), the graft was placed at the center of the ACL footprint for the both femoral and tibial sides (tunnel diameter: 8mm); (2) Conventional Single-Bundle reconstruction (n = 8), the graft was placed from the tibial PL footprint to femoral high AM position (tunnel diameter: 8mm) and (3) Anatomic Double-Bundle reconstruction (n = 8). The acceleration in each of three x-y-z directions and the overall magnitude of acceleration was calculated to evaluate dynamic rotational laxity and compared between different ACL reconstructions.
The overall magnitude of acceleration was significantly different between ACL intact and deficient knees (p < 0.0001). The acceleration was reduced by the DB ACL reconstruction to the intact level (n.s.), but the two SB ACL reconstruction failed to achieve the intact level of the acceleration (p = 0.0002non-anatomic SB, p < 0.0001 anatomic SB).
The anatomic DB reconstruction better restores dynamic rotational laxity when compared to the SB ACL reconstructions no matter if the tunnel placement was anatomic. The anatomic DB reconstruction better restores dynamic rotational laxity when compared to both anatomic and non-anatomic SB ACL reconstruction. For this reason anatomic DB ACL reconstruction is recommended for cases where rotational laxity is an issue.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00167-017-4781-6
Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.
Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.