Low re-rupture rate with BPTB autograft and semitendinosus gracilis autograft with preserved insertions in ACL reconstruction surgery in sports persons
To compare the results of bone-patellar tendon-bone graft (BPTB), semitendinosus–gracilis graft with preserved insertions (STGPI) and semitendinosus–gracilis-free graft (STGF) in terms of graft failure, objective mechanical stability, functional outcome, and return to sports in elite and recreational sports persons. It was hypothesized that the STGPI graft provided superior outcome as compared to the other two grafts.
Two hundred and forty-nine elite and recreational players who underwent ACL reconstruction surgery, with BPTB graft (N = 80), STGPI graft (N = 85), and STGF graft (N = 84) with a minimum follow-up of 2 years, were assessed using clinical tests, knee arthrometer (KT 1000™), single-leg hop test, Lysholm knee score, Tegner’s activity scale, and return to sports. Groups were matched in terms of age, gender, mode of injury, side involved, the level of sports, associated injuries, and mean follow-up.
The median age of the patients was 24 years (range 16–46 years), with 227 males and 22 females, with a mean follow-up of 61.8 ± 25.9 months. At the final follow-up, the mean side-to-side difference by KT 1000™ was significantly superior in BPTB group (1.4 ± 2.1 mm) as compared to STGPI (1.9 ± 2.0 mm) and STGF group (2.5 ± 2.0 mm) (p = 0.002). The mean Lysholm knee score, Limb symmetry index (LSI) using single-leg hop test and the mean difference in pre-injury and post-surgery level of Tegner’s activity scale were not significantly different. The rate of graft failure was significantly higher in STGF group (7.1%) as compared to BPTB (1.2%) and STGPI (1.2%) groups (p = 0.043).
BPTB graft is a better graft in terms of mechanical stability than STGPI and STGF grafts. STGPI graft and BPTB graft are superior to STGF graft in terms of graft failure rate. However, there is no statistically significant difference amongst the three grafts in terms of return to sports and clinical tests of instability. STGPI graft is another option in the clinical setting with low graft failure rate like that of BPTB graft and with the added advantage of not having significant donor site morbidity.
Level of evidence
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00167-017-4790-5
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