4 years ago

Relationship between follicular volume and oocyte competence, blastocyst development and live-birth rate: optimal follicle size for oocyte retrieval

Maximilian Murtinger, Fabien Ectors, Libor Hradecký, Jasmin Okhowat, Marie Karlíková, Milena Králíčková, Pierre Vanderzwalmen, Maximilian Schuff, Lucie Vištejnová, Barbara Wirleitner
Objectives To analyse the oocyte competence in GnRHa stimulation cycles with regard to maturity, fertilization and blastocyst rate and clinical outcome (pregnancy and live birth rate) in correlation to follicular volume measured by 3D sonography and follicular fluid composition. Methods This was a prospective single-centre study conducted in the period June 2012 - June 2014 including 118 ovum pick-ups (OPUs) with subsequent embryo transfers (ET). Out of 1,493 aspirated follicles we analysed 1,236 follicles and traced oocytes grouped according to follicular volume. Follicular volumes were evaluated using 3D ultrasound during oocyte retrieval. Oocyte maturity and blastocyst development was tracked according to follicular volume. Ovarian stimulation was performed using the GnRHa long protocol. Intrafollicular concentrations of estradiol (E2), testosterone (T), progesterone (P), luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) were quantified by immunoassay. Clinical outcome in terms of implantation rate (IR), (clinical) pregnancy rate (PR), miscarriage and live birth rate (LBR) was evaluated. Results Although MII oocyte recovery rate was significantly lower for small follicles compared to larger ones (8-12mm/0.3-0.9mL: 63.8% vs. 13-23mm/1-6mL: 76.6% and ≥24mm/≥6mL: 81.3%; P-value < 0.001), similar fertilization rates (FR; 85.1%; 75.8% and 81.4%; n.s.) and blastocyst rates per mature MII oocytes (40.5%, 40.6% and 37.2%, respectively; n.s.) were observed. A trend towards higher LBR after transfer of blastocysts derived from small follicles <1mL compared to follicles 1-6mL or >6mL was observed (LBR: 54.5%, 42.0%, and 41.7%, respectively; n.s.). No predictive value of follicular fluid (FF) biomarkers was found. Conclusions Our data indicate that the optimal follicular volume for a high yield of good quality blastocysts with good potential to lead to a live birth is between 13-23mm/1-6mL. However, oocytes derived from small follicles 8-12mm/0.3-0.9mL still have the capacity for normal development and subsequent delivery of healthy children, suggesting that aspiration of these follicles increases the number of blastocysts per stimulation.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/uog.18955

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.