4 years ago

Infection Staging and Incidence Surveillance Applications of High Dynamic Range Diagnostic Immuno-Assay Platforms

Infection Staging and Incidence Surveillance Applications of High Dynamic Range Diagnostic Immuno-Assay Platforms
Kallas, Esper G., Marson, Kara, Hall, Jake, Martin, Jeffrey N., Grebe, Eduard, Keating, Sheila M., Busch, Michael P., Facente, Shelley N., Pilcher, Christopher D., Murphy, Gary, Little, Susan J., Price, Matthew A., Welte, Alex
Background: Custom HIV staging assays, including the Sedia HIV-1 Limiting Antigen (LAg) Avidity EIA and avidity modifications of the Ortho VITROS anti-HIV-1+2 and Abbott ARCHITECT HIV Ag/Ab Combo assays, are used to identify “recent” infections in clinical settings and for cross-sectional HIV incidence estimation. However, the high dynamic range of chemiluminescent platforms allows differentiating recent and long-standing infection on signal intensity, and this raises the prospect of using unmodified diagnostic assays for infection timing and surveillance applications. Methods: We tested a panel of 2500 well-characterized specimens with estimable duration of HIV infection with the 3 assays and the unmodified ARCHITECT. Regression models were used to estimate mean durations of recent infection (MDRIs), context-specific false-recent rates (FRRs) and correlation between diagnostic signal intensity and LAg measurements. Hypothetical epidemiological scenarios were constructed to evaluate utility in surveillance applications. Results: Over a range of MDRIs (reflecting recency discrimination thresholds), a diluted ARCHITECT-based RITA produced lower FRRs than the VITROS platform (FRR ≈ 0.5% and 1.5%, respectively at MDRI ≈ 200 days), and the unmodified diagnostic ARCHITECT produces incidence estimates with comparable precision to LAg (relative SE ≈ 17.5% and 15%, respectively at MDRI ≈ 200 days). ARCHITECT S/CO measurements were highly correlated with LAg optical density measurements (r = 0.80), and values below 200 are strongly predictive of LAg recency and duration of infection less than 1 year. Conclusions: Low quantitative measurements from the unmodified ARCHITECT obviate the need for additional recency testing, and its use is feasible in clinical staging and incidence surveillance applications.
You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.