4 years ago

Factors Associated With the Development of and Revision for Proximal Junctional Kyphosis in 440 Consecutive Adult Spinal Deformity Patients

Factors Associated With the Development of and Revision for Proximal Junctional Kyphosis in 440 Consecutive Adult Spinal Deformity Patients
Berven, Sigurd H., Ames, Christopher P., Bae, Junseok, Nicholls, Fred H., Deviren, Vedat, Burch, Shane, Eksi, Murat S., Theologis, Alexander A., Tay, Bobby K.
Study Design. Retrospective review of prospectively collected data. Objective. The aim of this study was to examine which radiographic parameters and surgical strategies are most closely associated with proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) after adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery, the need for revision surgery for PJK, and whether these differ based on the upper instrumented vertebra (UIV). Summary of Background Data. Multiple parameters are considered when planning correction of ASD. Determining which of these factors contribute to the development of and need for revision surgery for PJK presents a challenging problem. Methods. Consecutive patients undergoing long fusion to the pelvis with age >18 years, minimum 6-month follow-up, and adequate radiographs for analysis in a single institution between 2003 and 2011 were included. Along with chart review, measurement of proximal junctional angle (PJA), sagittal balance, and pelvic parameters was performed on preoperative, postoperative, and latest follow-up radiographs. Postoperative radiographs were also examined for signs of PJF. Results. A total of 440 patients with a mean follow-up of 34 months met inclusion criteria, 159 of whom developed PJK (36%), with 65 requiring revision surgery (41%). Higher preoperative pelvic tilt (PT) (P = 0.018) and postoperative thoracic kyphosis (TK) (P ≤ 0.001) were predictive for development of PJK, whereas hooks at UIV were protective (odds ratio [OR] 0.049). In patients who developed PJK, revision was more frequent in younger patients (P = 0.005) with greater postoperative sagittal vertical axis and PJA (P = 0.029, P = 0.018). PJF with spondylolisthesis, fracture, or instrumentation failure at the UIV had the highest ORs for proceeding to a revision (5.1, 1.6, and 2.2, respectively). Conclusion. TK and PT are important indicators of overall rigidity and reference the ability of the spine to compensate for sagittal plane deformity. Special attention should be paid to these characteristics and to the choice of proximal instrumentation when attempting to prevent PJK. Prevention of radiographically evident PJF may hold the key to reducing the need for revision surgery. Level of Evidence: 3
You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.