5 years ago

Highly Cross-Linked Polyethylene Reduces Osteolysis Incidence and Wear-Related Reoperation Rate in Cementless Total Hip Arthroplasty Compared With Conventional Polyethylene at a Mean 12-Year Follow-Up

A number of studies on total hip arthroplasty have compared highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) with conventional polyethylene (CPE) liners beyond 10 years. However, the impact of HXLPE on the wear-related reoperation rate is unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical advantage of using a single manufacturer's HXLPE in terms of reducing the reoperation rate. Methods The study was a follow-up retrospective cohort study over a mean of 12 years that examined patients aged 45-70 years with cementless total hip arthroplasty using a 26-mm-diameter cobalt-chromium head. Sixty-seven patients (79 hips; HXLPE group = 41 hips, CPE group = 38 hips) were evaluated for a minimum 10-year follow-up. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed, with wear-related reoperations and radiographic osteolysis serving as the end points. The polyethylene wear rate was also assessed. Results The mean 12-year follow-up rates of survivorship that were evaluated using wear-related reoperations as the end point were 100% and 91.4% in the HXLPE and CPE groups, respectively (P = .007), and the mean 12-year follow-up rates of survivorship with osteolysis as the end point were 100% and 36.2%, respectively (P < .001). Compared with the CPE group, the HXLPE group presented a significantly reduced wear rate (HXLPE group, 0.035 mm/y; CPE group, 0.118 mm/y). Conclusion A unique strength of this study is that we assessed a single manufacturer's HXLPE while keeping most other implant parameters uniform. This study reveals the clinical advantage of using a single manufacturer's HXLPE in terms of a reduced wear-related reoperation rate at a mean 12-year follow-up.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0883540317305764

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.