4 years ago

Pretreatment albumin level predicts survival in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

Jong-Lyel Roh, Sung-Bae Kim, Won Sub Lim, Sang Yoon Kim, Seung-Ho Choi, Soon Yuhl Nam
Objectives/Hypothesis Poor nutritional status in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is associated with tumor progression and survival. This study examined the prognostic value of nutritional and hematological markers in patients with HNSCC who received definitive treatments. Study Design A prospective observational cohort study. Methods This study included 338 consecutive patients who underwent surgery and/or radiotherapy/chemoradiotherapy for treatment-naïve HNSCC. Body weight and nutritional and hematological parameters were regularly measured before and after treatment. Univariate and multivariate analyses using Cox proportional hazards models were performed to identify factors associated with disease-free survival (DFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and overall survival (OS). Results Body weight, serum total protein and albumin levels, and hematological variables significantly decreased after treatment. Univariate analyses illustrated that age, tumor site, T and N classifications, overall stage, pretreatment serum albumin (<3.5 g/dL) and hemoglobin (<12 g/dL) levels, and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio were significantly associated with DFS, CSS, and OS (all P < .05). Multivariate analyses identified age, tumor site, N classification, and pretreatment albumin levels as independent predictors of DFS, CSS, and OS (all P < .05). Patients with low serum albumin levels prior to treatment experienced approximately sixfold increases in the risks of tumor progression and cancer-specific and overall mortality compared to the findings in their counterparts. Conclusions Our results suggest that pretreatment serum albumin levels predict DFS, CSS, and OS in patients who received definitive treatment for HNSCC. These findings might help to predict treatment outcome and guide nutritional intervention in patients with HNSCC. Level of Evidence 2b. Laryngoscope, 127:E437–E442, 2017

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/lary.26691

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.