4 years ago


Abraham Nudelman, Hanna Chekroun-Setti, Nataly Tarasenko, Ada Rephaeli
The HDAC inhibitory activity of valproic acid (VPA) has led to on-going evaluation of it as an anticancer agent. The histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor AN446, a prodrug of VPA, releases the acid upon metabolic degradation. AN446 is >60 fold more potent than VPA in killing cancer cells in vitro. Herein, we compare the activities of AN446, as an anticancer agent, to those of representative types from each of the four major classes of HDAC inhibitors (HDACIs): vorinostat, romidepsin, entinostat and VPA. AN446 exhibited the greatest selectivity and HDAC inhibitory activity against cancer cells. In glioblastoma cells only AN446, and in MDA-MB-231 cells only AN446 and VPA interacted in synergy with doxorubicin (Dox). AN446 was superior to the studied HDACIs in inducing DNA-damage in cancer cells, while in normal astrocytes and cardiomyoblasts AN446 was the least toxic. AN446 was the only HDACI tested that exhibited selective HDAC inhibitory activity that was high in cancer cells and low in noncancerous cells. This discriminating inhibition correlated with the toxicity of the HDACIs, suggesting that their effects could be attributed to HDAC inhibition. In cardiomyoblasts, the HDACIs tested, except for AN446, hampered DNA repair by reducing the level of Rad 51. VPA and AN446 were the most effective HDACIs in inhibiting in vitro migration and invasion. The advantages of AN446 shown here, position it as a potentially improved HDACI for treatment of glioblastoma and triple negative breast cancer. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/jcb.26512

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