4 years ago

Semiconductor quantum dot superemitters: Spontaneous emission enhancement combined with suppression of defect environment using metal-oxide plasmonic metafilms.

Seyed M Sadeghi, Christina Sharp, Waylin J Wing, Rithvik Reddy Gutha
We demonstrate that a metal-oxide plasmonic metafilm consisting of a Si/Al oxide junction in the vicinity of a thin gold layer can quarantine excitons in colloidal semiconductor quantum dots against their defect environments. This process happens while the plasmon fields of the gold layer enhance spontaneous emission decay rates of the quantum dots. We study the emission dynamics of such quantum dots when the distance between the Si/Al oxide junction and the gold thin layer is varied. The results show that for distances less than a critical value the lifetime of the quantum dots can be elongated while they experience intense plasmon fields. This suggests that the metal-oxide metafilm can keep photo-excited electrons in the cores of the quantum dots, suppressing their migration to the surface defect sites. This leads to suppression of Auger recombination, offering quantum dot superemitters with emission that is enhanced not only by the plasmon fields (Purcell effect), but also by strong suppression of the non-radiative decay caused by the defect sites.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6528/aa9a1c

DOI: 10.1088/1361-6528/aa9a1c

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