5 years ago

Notch1 and Notch2 Coordinately Regulate Stem Cell Function in the Quiescent and Activated States of Muscle Satellite Cells

Notch1 and Notch2 Coordinately Regulate Stem Cell Function in the Quiescent and Activated States of Muscle Satellite Cells
Yasuo Kitajima, Daiki Seko, Yusuke Ono, Yoshifumi Tsuchiya, Kiyoshi Yoshioka, Shin Fujimaki, Shinya Masuda
Satellite cells, the muscle tissue stem cells, express three Notch receptors (Notch1–3). The function of Notch1 and Notch2 in satellite cells has to date not been fully evaluated. We investigated the role of Notch1 and Notch2 in myogenic progression in adult skeletal muscle using tamoxifen-inducible satellite cell-specific conditional knockout mice for Notch1 (N1-scKO), Notch2 (N2-scKO), and Notch1/Notch2 (scDKO). In the quiescent state, the number of satellite cells was slightly reduced in N2-scKO, but not significantly in N1-scKO, and almost completely depleted in scDKO mice. N1-scKO and N2-scKO mice both exhibited a defect in muscle regeneration induced by cardiotoxin injection, while muscle regeneration was severely compromised with marked fibrosis in scDKO mice. In the activated state, ablation of either Notch1 or Notch2 alone in satellite cells prevented population expansion and self-renewal but induced premature myogenesis. Therefore, our results indicate that Notch1 and Notch2 coordinately maintain the stem-cell pool in the quiescent state by preventing activation and regulate stem-cell-fate decision in the activated state, governing adult muscle regeneration. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. Notch1 and Notch2 are critical for muscle regeneration. Tamoxifen (TMX) was treated before cardiotoxin (CTX) injection and sacrifice of floxed mice (control), Pax7CreERT2/+;Notch1f/f mice (N1-scKO), Pax7CreERT2/+;Notch2f/f mice (N2-scKO) and Pax7CreERT2/+;Notch1f/f;Notch2f/f mice (scDKO). Muscle weight and collagen I deposition were measured 14 days following CTX injection. N1-scKO and N2-scKO mice exhibited mild fibrosis, while scDKO mice displayed extremely severe fibrosis.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/stem.2743

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