4 years ago

Transcription factor WRKY75 interacts with DELLA proteins to affect flowering.

Ligang Chen, Diqiu Yu, Liping Zhang
Flowering time is tightly controlled by both endogenous and exogenous signals. Although several lines of evidence have suggested the involvement of WRKY transcription factors in floral initiation, the underlying mechanisms and signaling pathways involved remain elusive. Here, we newly identified Arabidopsis thaliana WRKY DNA binding protein75 (WRKY75) as a positive regulator of flowering initiation. Mutation of WRKY75 resulted in a delay in flowering, whereas overexpression of WRKY75 significantly accelerated flowering in Arabidopsis. Gene expression analysis showed that the transcript abundance of the flowering time integrator gene FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) was lower in wrky75 mutants than in the WT, but greater in WRKY75-overexpressing plants. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays revealed that WRKY75 directly binds to the promoter of FT. Both in vivo and in vitro biochemical analyses demonstrated that WRKY75 interacts with DELLA proteins. We found that both RGL1 and GAI can repress the activation ability of WRKY75, thereby attenuating expression of its regulon. Genetic analyses indicated that WRKY75 positively regulates flowering in a FT-dependent manner and overexpression of RGL1 or gain-of-function of GAI could partially rescues the early-flowering phenotype of WRKY75-overexpressing plants. Taken together, our results demonstrate that WRKY75 may function as a new component of the GA-mediated signaling pathway to positively regulate flowering in Arabidopsis.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1104/pp.17.00657

DOI: 10.1104/pp.17.00657

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