4 years ago

Out-of-Hospital Administration of Medication without Prescription and Associated Factors among Preschool Children.

Fotini Andritsou, Ioanna D Pavlopoulou, Koralia A Michail, Nikolaos Pantazis, Vassiliki Benetou
The increasing trend of administering nonprescribed medicines in children is a significant public health issue. The aim of the present study was to assess the use of medication without a prescription (MWP), including both nonprescribed medication (NPM) and prescription-only medication (POM), and identify associated factors, among preschoolers in Athens, Greece. A predesigned questionnaire was distributed to parents from May through June 2011. Multivariable binary logistic regression analysis models were used to assess associations of interest. Results showed that 95.1% of parents reported administering at least one MWP, during the previous 12 months. Antipyretics (91%) were the most commonly NPM and bronchodilators (24.8%) and antibiotics (16.4%) the most common POM dispensed. Child's increased age group, lack of parental information, higher paternal education, and mother's foreign nationality were associated with increased antipyretic use (p < 0.05), while father's foreign nationality and parental age were positive predictors of antibiotic administration (p < 0.05). The likelihood of consuming antipyretics and antibiotics significantly increased when information was provided by a pharmacist (p = 0.017 and p = 0.054, resp.). Conclusively, most parents have administered at least one MWP, including antibiotics, to address symptoms of common childhood diseases, highlighting the need of information campaigns concerning the consequences of their improper use.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5242048

DOI: 10.1155/2017/5242048

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