5 years ago

GW170817 and the prospect of forming supramassive remnants in neutron star mergers.

Peng-Xiong Ma, Yi-Zhong Fan, Hao Wang, Da-Ming Wei, Zhi-Ping Jin, Jin-Liang Jiang

The gravitational wave data of GW170817 favor the equation of state (EoS) models that predict compact neutron stars (NSs), consistent with the radius constraints from X-ray observations. Motivated by such a remarkable progress and benefited from the discovery of a universal relation between the maximum gravitational mass of a NS and its uniform rotation, we examine the fate of the remnants formed in NS mergers and focus on the roles of the angular momentum and the mass distribution of the binary NSs. In the mass shedding limit (for which the dimensionless angular momentum equals to the Keplerian value, i.e., $j=j_{\rm Kep}$), all three adopted EoS models (including SLY4, APR4 and the one based on current spectroscopic radius measurements of NSs) yield supramassive NSs in more than half of the mergers. However, for $j\lesssim 0.7j_{\rm Kep}$, the presence or absence of a non-negligible fraction of supramassive NSs formed in the mergers is sensitively dependent on both the EoS and the mass distribution of the binary systems. The NS mergers with a total gravitational mass $\leq 2.6M_\odot$ are found to be able to shed valuable light on both the EoS model and the angular momentum of the remnants if supramassive NSs are still absent. We have also discussed the uncertainty on estimating the maximum gravitational mass of non-rotating NSs ($M_{\rm max}$) due to the unknown $j$ of the pre-collapse remnants. With the data of GW170817, we have $M_{\rm max}<(2.19,~2.32)M_\odot$ (90\% confidence level) for $j=(1.0,~0.8)j_{\rm Kep}$, respectively.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.05565

DOI: arXiv:1711.05565v1

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