4 years ago

Enhancing qubit readout through dissipative sub-Poissonian dynamics.

Benjamin D'Anjou, William A. Coish

Single-shot qubit readout typically combines high readout contrast with long-lived readout signals, leading to large signal-to-noise ratios and high readout fidelities. In recent years, it has been demonstrated that both readout contrast and readout signal lifetime, and thus the signal-to-noise ratio, can be enhanced by forcing the qubit state to transition through intermediate states. In this work, we demonstrate that the sub-Poissonian relaxation statistics introduced by intermediate states can reduce the single-shot readout error rate by orders of magnitude even when there is no increase in signal-to-noise ratio. These results hold for moderate values of the signal-to-noise ratio ($\mathcal{S} \lesssim 100$) and a small number of intermediate states ($N \lesssim 10$). The ideas presented here could have important implications for readout schemes relying on the detection of transient charge states, such as spin-to-charge conversion schemes for semiconductor spin qubits and parity-to-charge conversion schemes for topologically protected Majorana qubits.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1708.04991

DOI: arXiv:1708.04991v3

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