Abnormal multi-step condensation of spin-1 ultracold lattice bosons.
We investigate strongly correlated spin-1 ultracold gases with antiferromagnetic interactions in a three-dimensional optical lattice in the presence of an external magnetic field, based on bosonic dynamical mean-field theory. Due to the interplay of spin-dependent and quadratic Zeeman interactions, the system demonstrates competing magnetic orders, including nematic, spin-singlet and ferromagnetic insulating phases, depending on longitudinal magnetization. The dependence of first-order superfluid-insulator transition on external magnetic fields is explored. Interestingly, at low magnetic field, we find an abnormal multi-step condensation of the strongly correlated superfluid, i.e. the critical condensing temperature of the $m_F=-1$ component demonstrates an abnormal increase with longitudinal magnetization, in contrast to weakly interacting cases.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.05470
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