4 years ago

Expansion of the effective action around non-Gaussian theories.

Tobias Kühn, Moritz Helias

This paper derives the Feynman rules for the diagrammatic perturbation expansion of the effective action around an arbitrary solvable problem. The perturbation expansion around a Gaussian theory is well known and composed of one-line irreducible diagrams only. For the expansions around an arbitrary, non-Gaussian problem, we show that a more general class of irreducible diagrams remains in addition to a second set of diagrams that has no analogue in the Gaussian case. The effective action is central to field theory, in particular to the study of phase transitions, symmetry breaking, effective equations of motion, and renormalization. We exemplify the method on the Ising model, where the effective action amounts to the Gibbs free energy, recovering the Thouless-Anderson-Palmer mean-field theory in a fully diagrammatic derivation. Higher order corrections follow with only minimal effort compared to existing techniques. Our results show further that the Plefka expansion and the high-temperature expansion are special cases of the general formalism presented here.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.05599

DOI: arXiv:1711.05599v1

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