5 years ago

Phase-sensitive evidence for the sign-reversal s+- symmetry of the order parameter in an iron-pnictide superconductor using Nb/Ba1-xNaxFe2As2 Josephson junctions.

E.A. Borodianskyi, V. M. Krasnov, A. Pagliero, A. A. Kordyuk, A. A. Kalenyuk

Josephson current between two superconductors provides a phase sensitive tool for probing their pairing symmetries. Here we fabricate and study experimentally high-quality Josephson junctions between a conventional $s$-wave superconductor Nb and a multi-band iron-pnictide Ba$_{1-x}$Na$_x$Fe$_2$As$_2$. Junctions exhibit a large enough critical current density to preclude the $d$-wave symmetry of the order parameter in the pnictide. However, the $I_cR_n$ product is very small $\simeq 3~\mu$V, which is not consistent with the sign-preserving $s_{++}$ symmetry either. We argue that the small $I_cR_n$ value along with its unusual temperature dependence provide evidence for the $s_{\pm}$ symmetry of the order parameter in Ba$_{1-x}$Na$_x$Fe$_2$As$_2$. We conclude that it is the phase sensitivity of our junctions that leads to an almost complete (bellow a sub-percent) cancellation of opposite supercurrents from the sign-reversal $s_{\pm}$ bands in the pnictide.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.05718

DOI: arXiv:1711.05718v1

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