Net-baryon number fluctuations in the Hybrid Quark-Meson-Nucleon model at finite density.
We study the mean-field thermodynamics and the characteristics of the net-baryon number fluctuations at the phase boundaries for the chiral and deconfinement transitions in the Hybrid Quark-Meson-Nucleon model. The chiral dynamics is described in the linear sigma model, whereas the quark confinement is manipulated by a medium-dependent modification of the particle distribution functions, where an additional scalar field is introduced. At low temperature and finite baryon density, the model predicts a first-, second-order chiral phase transition, or a crossover, depending on the expectation value of the scalar field, and a first-order deconfinement phase transition. We focus on the influence of the confinement over higher-order cumulants of the net-baryon number density. We find that whereas the cumulants show a substantial enhancement around the chiral phase transition, they are not as sensitive to the deconfinement transition.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.05521
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