5 years ago

Direct $CP$ Violation in $K \to \mu^+ \mu^-$.

Giancarlo D'Ambrosio, Teppei Kitahara

A rare decay $K_L \to \mu^+ \mu^- $ has been measured precisely, while a rare decay $K_S \to \mu^+ \mu^- $ will be observed by an upgrade of the LHCb experiment. Although both processes are almost CP-conserving decays, we point out that an interference contribution between $K_L$ and $K_S$ in the kaon beam emerges from a genuine direct CP violation. It is found that the interference contribution can change $K_S \to \mu^+ \mu^-$ standard-model predictions at $\mathcal{O}(60\%)$. We also stress that an unknown sign of $\mathcal{A}(K_L \to \gamma \gamma)$ can be determined by a measurement of the interference, which can much reduce a theoretical uncertainty of $\mathcal{B}(K_L \to \mu^+ \mu^-)$. We also investigate the interference in a new physics model, where the $\epsilon'_K / \epsilon_K$ tension is explained by an additional $Z$-penguin contribution.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1707.06999

DOI: arXiv:1707.06999v2

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