Second order nonlinear gyrokinetic theory : From the particle to the gyrocenter.
A gyrokinetic reduction is based on a specific ordering of the different small parameters characterizing the background magnetic field and the fluctuating electromagnetic fields. Here we consider the following ordering of the small parameters: $\epsilon\_B=\epsilon\_\delta^2$ where $\epsilon\_B$ is the small parameter associated with spatial inhomogeneities of the background magnetic field and $\epsilon\_\delta$ characterizes the small amplitude of the fluctuating fields. In particular, we do not make any assumption on the amplitude of the background magnetic field. Given this choice of ordering, we describe a self-contained and systematic derivation which is particularly well suited for the gyrokinetic reduction, following a two-step procedure : Using a translation in velocity, we embed the transformation performed on the symplectic part of the gyrocentre reduction in the guiding-centre one. Using a canonical Lie transform, we then eliminate the gyroangle dependence from the Hamiltonian. We derive the fully electromagnetic gyrokinetic equations at the second order in $\epsilon\_\delta$.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1709.05222
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