Wavenumber selection via spatial parameter jump.
The Swift-Hohenberg equation describes an instability which forms finite-wavenumber patterns near onset. We study this equation posed with a spatial inhomogeneity; a jump-type parameter that renders the zero solution stable for $x<0$ and unstable for $x>0$. Using normal forms and spatial dynamics, we prove the existence of a family of steady-state solutions that represent a transition in space from a homogeneous state to a striped pattern state. The wavenumbers of these stripes are contained in a narrow band whose width grows linearly with the size of the jump. This represents a severe restriction from the usual constant-parameter case, where the allowed band grows with the square root of the parameter. We corroborate our predictions using numerical continuation and illustrate implications on stability of growing patterns in direct simulations.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1709.09653
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