3 years ago

Ultrastiff Hydrogels Prepared by Schiff's Base Reaction of Bis(p-Formylphenyl) Sebacate and Pillar[5]arene Appended with Multiple Hydrazides

Ultrastiff Hydrogels Prepared by Schiff's Base Reaction of Bis(p-Formylphenyl) Sebacate and Pillar[5]arene Appended with Multiple Hydrazides
Feihe Huang, Zi Liang Wu, Hao Xing, Fengbo Zhu, Huaqiang Ju
Herein a facile method is reported to prepare polymer gels based on the formation of acylhydrazone bond under mild conditions. A pillar[5]arene derivative appended with ten hydrazide groups provides multiple sites for the reaction with the aldehyde groups of bis(p-formylphenyl) sebacate in the presence of a small amount of HCl as the catalyst in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), producing transparent polymer organogels. The mechanical properties of gels can be easily tuned by the molar ratio of the reactant compounds. After solvent exchange from DMSO to water, translucent polymer hydrogels with dramatically enhanced strength and stiffness are obtained. The tensile breaking stress and Young's modulus of hydrogels are 20−60 and 1.2–2.7 MPa, respectively, 100 and 20 times those of the corresponding organogels. These robust hydrogels with ultrahigh stiffness should find applications such as in load-bearing artificial organs. This work should merit designing functional materials using other macrocycles. Based on the formation of acylhydrazone bonds, polymer organogels are facily developed using a pillar[5]arene derivative appended with multiple hydrazide groups as the corsslinks. Hydrogels with dramatically enhanced strength and stiffness are obtained by solvent exchange from dimethyl sulfoxide to water.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/marc.201700232

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