Research on two-dimensional traffic flow model based on psychological field theory.
In this paper, the influence of fan-shaped buffer zone on the performance of the toll plaza is researched. A two-dimensional traffic flow model and a comprehensive evaluation model based on mechanical model and psychological field are established. The traffic flow model is simulated by creating coordinate system.
We first establish queue theory model to analyze vehicles when entering toll plaza. Then, a two-dimensional steadily car-following model is established based on psychological field for the analysis of vehicles when leaving toll plaza. According to psychological field theory, we analyze the force condition of each vehicle. The force of each vehicle is contributed by the vehicles in its observation area and obstacles. By projecting these vehicles and obstacles via the equipotential line in the psychological field, the influence on the value and direction acceleration of following vehicles is obtained. Consequently, the changes of each vehicle's speed and position are obtained as well. Next, we establish simulation based on the states of vehicles and make the rules of vehicle state-changing. By simulating the system, we obtain the throughput of the toll plaza's input and output. Then we obtained the bearing pressure on the road by the max throughput and the demand of the roads. Using the number of cars in per unit area as the safety factor. Then a comprehensive evaluation model is established based on bearing pressure on the road, cost and safety factor.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.05254
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