3 years ago

Thermoplastic elastomer nanocomposites with controlled nanoparticles dispersion for HV insulation systems: Correlation between rheological, thermal, electrical and dielectric properties

Thermoplastic elastomer nanocomposites with controlled nanoparticles dispersion for HV insulation systems: Correlation between rheological, thermal, electrical and dielectric properties
Thermoplastic elastomer nanocomposites based on respectively polystyrene-b-poly(ethylene-co-butylene)-b-polystyrene (SEBS) and polystyrene-b-poly(ethylene-co-butylene)-b-polystyrene grafted maleic anhydride (SEBS-MA) block copolymers and containing functionalized zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles have been investigated as candidate materials for high voltage (HV) insulation systems. The dispersion of the organically modified ZnO nanoparticles has been successfully tuned through the MA graft and the block copolymer nanostructure. In particular, nanocomposites with signs of rheological percolation, indicating the formation of a network between individually dispersed nanoparticles and polymer chains, have been obtained at ZnO content as low as 5wt% (0.9 vol%). This behavior resulted in an enhancement of the thermal conductivity and better control of the electrical conductivity while maintaining breakdown strength and dielectric losses in the same range of the unfilled insulating matrices. Furthermore, the resistance to surface erosion by partial discharges was significantly improved: in the presence of 5wt% of individually dispersed ZnO nanoparticles, the eroded volume was reduced 10 times.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0014305717303609

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