3 years ago

Biodegradable poly(ester-urethane) incorporated with catechin with shape memory and antioxidant activity for food packaging

Biodegradable poly(ester-urethane) incorporated with catechin with shape memory and antioxidant activity for food packaging
Biodegradable poly(ester-urethane) (PU) based on a tri-block copolymer of poly(l-lactic acid) and poly(ɛ-caprolactone), with shape-memory behaviour, and further loaded with catechin (Cat), as antioxidant agent, were developed with the dual objective to obtain a smart as well as an active material for food packaging purpose. Well dispersed catechin produced somewhat UV blocking effect, but slightly amber and red tonality. Catechin demonstrated positive interaction with PU matrix enhancing the interfacial adhesion and leading to a reduction in the surface wettability. The active PU composites, with thermally-activated shape memory ability at temperatures close to those required to pack thermally proceeded food (i.e. 40°C), showed increased ability to recover the initial shape of the neat PU matrix. The antioxidant effectiveness of catechin released after the exposition to a fatty food simulant was proven after 10days which represents the worst foreseeable conditions of the intended use. The disintegration process in composting conditions of the active PU-based materials was speeded up due to the catechin incorporation. The PU formulation loaded with low amount of catechin (1wt% or 3wt%) showed enough transparency, enhanced shape memory behaviour, improved water resistance, reduced UV-light transmission, right catechin release and effective antioxidant activity as well as appropriate disintegration in compost. Thus, active PU-Cat composites result very interesting as smart and active materials for biodegradable food packaging applications.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0014305717306213

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