5 years ago

Quartz crystal resonator study of glass transitions in polyvinylbutyral (PVB) films

Quartz crystal resonator study of glass transitions in polyvinylbutyral (PVB) films
Da-Ming Zhu, Xianbin Du, Jiajie Fang, Xuefeng Tang
Glass transitions in polyvinylbutyral (PVB) films deposited on a gold substrate have been studied using a quartz crystal resonator technique by measuring the resonant frequency shift and resonant peak broadening of the quartz crystal coated with a PVB film. Using the measured frequency shift and peak broadening of the resonance of the quartz crystal due to changes in the coated PVB film, the storage moduli of the film were derived. The results show rapid drops in the storage moduli of the PVB films at temperature closer to that of glass transition of bulk PVB. The transitions at different frequencies were assessed by simultaneously measuring the resonance of the quartz crystal at multiple harmonics. No significant change in the glass transition temperature at multiple harmonics was observed. The results of the storage moduli for PVB films of different thickness show that glass transition temperatures in the films decrease with the film thickness; the decrease become more noticeable as the film thickness is less than 500 nm where the characteristic of changing of storage moduli become distinctly different from that in thicker film and in bulk materials. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2017, 134, 45433.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/app.45433

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