3 years ago

Recent advancements in sorption technology for solar thermal energy storage applications

Valeria Palomba, Andrea Frazzica

Publication date: Available online 30 June 2018

Source: Solar Energy

Author(s): Valeria Palomba, Andrea Frazzica

Abstract

Sorption thermal energy storage (STES) technology, belonging to the wider class of thermochemical TES, represents a promising alternative to common sensible and latent TESs, especially for applications at low-medium temperature (i.e. below 130 °C). The interest towards this technology is confirmed by the huge amount of research and development activities ongoing, represented by scientific publications as well as funded projects and international working groups.

In such a context, the present paper reports about the most recent activities in the STES field. Particularly, it focuses on the analysis of innovative sorbent materials currently under development, comprising liquid absorption, physical adsorption, chemical reactions in pure salts and composite sorbents. Analysis of critical issues like achievable storage density, stability and corrosiveness were reported for each sorbent material.

Furthermore, prototypes recently developed for each of the sorbent classes above reported were presented, highlighting the achievable performance, with particular attention towards the TES density attained under typical working conditions for heat and cold storage applications, both with open and closed TES systems.

Finally, the most recent international activities focusing on the further development of STES, to help achieving higher Technology Readiness Level (TRL) were reported. These mainly comprise funded R&D projects and international working groups supported by intergovernmental organizations and research and innovations alliances.

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