3 years ago

Impact of Elevated Hemoglobin A1c Levels on Functional Outcome in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke

Hong Wang, Yifan Cheng, Siyan Chen, Xianmei Li, Zhenguo Zhu, Wanli Zhang

Publication date: Available online 8 November 2018

Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases

Author(s): Hong Wang, Yifan cheng, Siyan Chen, Xianmei Li, Zhenguo Zhu, Wanli Zhang

Abstract

Background: The association between hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and clinical outcomes of acute ischemic stroke is uncertain. We aimed to evaluate the association between initial hemoglobin A1c level and clinical outcome after acute ischemic stroke.

Methods: A total of 408 patients with first-ever acute ischemic stroke were included in this study. We divided the patients into three groups according to HbA1c level: low HbA1c level (HbA1c <5.7%), moderate HbA1c level (HbA1c 5.7-6.4%), and high HbA1c level (HbA1c ≥6.5%). Poor neurological outcomes were defined as modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score of 2-6 at 3 months after stroke. The relation between HbA1c value and clinical outcomes were evaluated by using multivariate logistic regression analyses.

Results: Moderate HbA1c level was present in 126 (30.9%) patients and high HbA1c level in 129 (31.6%) patients. After adjustment for potential confounding variables, both patients in the high HbA1c level group (adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 2.387; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.201-4.745; P = .013) and moderate HbA1c level group (adjusted OR: 1.797; 95% CI, 1.005-3.214; P = .048) had a significantly higher poor neurological outcomes than the group in the low HbA1c level. When separately analyzed according to with or without diabetes, the HbA1c level as continuous variable was also associated with poor functional outcome at 3 months in the diabetic patients (adjusted OR: 1.482, 95% CI, 1.013-2.167, P = .042), nor in nondiabetic group.

Conclusions: Higher HbA1c on admission was an independent predictor of adverse functional outcome in ischemic stroke patients. Based on this point, tight glycemic control must be necessary for high-risk diabetic patients.

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