3 years ago

Synthesis and characterization of aligned ZnO nanorods for visible light photocatalysis

P. Dash, A. Manna, N.c. Mishra, Shikha Varma

Publication date: Available online 9 November 2018

Source: Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures

Author(s): P. Dash, A. Manna, N.C. Mishra, Shikha Varma

Abstract

Aligned ZnO nanorods (NRs) were synthesized by a simple and inexpensive hydrothermal method. Morphological, structural, photoabsorbance and photoluminescence studies have been carried out using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD), Raman, UV–visible and Photoluminescence spectroscopy. Results show that crystallinity and alignment of ZnO NRs lead to good photocatalytic activity in the presence of visible light. The Photoluminescence spectra revealed a decrease in the UV emission, suggesting a reduced recombination of the photo generated carriers. The visible region emission is due to the surface oxygen vacancies. Increase of charge separation rate observed from emission spectra and the vacancy related sub-bands in the absorbance spectra are together responsible for the enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity of ZnO NRs. Vertically aligned 1-D morphology of ZnO NRs and the presence of oxygen vacancy states assist in the visible light photocatalytic degradation of Methylene Blue dye.

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