3 years ago

After Hours: A Survey of Moonlighting Practices in Psychiatry Residents

Nicole M. Benson, Scott R. Beach



The authors surveyed psychiatry residents to determine who participates in moonlighting and to understand their views and opinions on the necessity, importance, and educational value of moonlighting.


An electronic survey was distributed to psychiatry residents at 16 programs nationally. Descriptive characteristics were calculated. Logistic and linear regressions were performed to determine differences between those who moonlight and those who do not and to assess differences in measures of financial distress, quality of life, and work-life balance.


A total of 173/624 (27.6%) residents participated. Within the subset allowed to moonlight, 50% (47/94) reported moonlighting during prior academic year, for an average of 17.4 ± 8.6 hoursh per month. Within those eligible to moonlight, there were no differences in perceived financial distress, quality of life, work-life balance, and confidence between residents who moonlighted and those who did not. Among moonlighters, 10.6% moonlighted overnight before working the next day, and only 68.1% included moonlighting when recording duty hours. 45% reported no supervision available while moonlighting.


In the study sample, 50% of psychiatry residents eligible to moonlight opted to do so. Though most programs have policies in place regarding moonlighting, programs may benefit from ensuring that residents are reporting moonlighting in duty hours and that supervision is available to those moonlighting.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40596-018-1003-6

DOI: 10.1007/s40596-018-1003-6

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