3 years ago

Use of short isobornyl methacrylate building blocks to improve the heat and oil resistance of thermoplastic elastomers via RAFT emulsion polymerization

Use of short isobornyl methacrylate building blocks to improve the heat and oil resistance of thermoplastic elastomers via RAFT emulsion polymerization
Jingxin Lei, Jiliang Wang, Yao Xiao, Xiaofeng Chen, Ye Yuan, Xiaowei Fu, Changlin Zhou
Triblock copolymer (TCP)-based thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs) were designed via reversible addition–fragmentation chain-transfer emulsion polymerization. Short isobornyl methacrylate (IM) building blocks in the two ends of molecular chain were incorporated to guarantee the mechanical properties of the TPEs at high temperature (i.e., heat resistance) because of the high glass-transition temperature (Tg) of poly(isobornyl methacrylate) (PIM; ∼180 °C). The microphase separation, tensile properties at different temperatures, dynamic mechanical properties, oil resistance, and thermal stability of the TPEs were extensively characterized. The TPEs had distinct microphase separation with a wide inter-Tg interval (150–185 °C). The tensile strength and elongation at break of the TPEs decreased with increasing temperature from 25 to 100 °C because of the reduced interactions in the phase domain. Even so, the TPEs had a high elongation at break beyond 200% and little change in the tensile strength even at 100 °C together with a wide quasi-platform stage between the Tg values in dynamic mechanical analysis; this indicated good heat resistance. Meanwhile, the TPEs had an enhanced oil resistance and a thermal stability higher than 300 °C. These TCP-based TPEs with heat and oil resistance broaden the application potential in practical fields. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2017, 134, 45379.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/app.45379

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