Prediction of Bus Travel Time Over Unstable Intervals between Two Adjacent Bus Stops
This paper addresses the problem of predicting bus travel time over unstable intervals between two adjacent bus stops using two types of machine learning techniques: ANN and SVR methods. Our model considers the variability of travel time because the travel time is often influenced by stochastic factors, which increase the variance of travel time over an interval between inter-time periods. The factors also affect the variance of the travel time over the interval at the same time period between inter-days. In addition, the factors show some correlation of travel time over the interval between time periods in a day. The performance of the proposed model is validated with real bus probe data collected from November 21st to December 20th, 2013, provided by Nishitetsu Bus Company, Fukuoka, Japan. We demonstrated the impact of two types of input variables for the prediction in off- and on-peak (rush hour) periods. The results show that the two types of inputs can effectively improve the prediction accuracy. Moreover, we compared the proposed method with our previous methods. The experimental results show the validity of our proposed method.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13177-018-0169-3