3 years ago

The Hippocratic Doctrine of “the Acute Brain Suffering” as the Brain Stroke

Gregory Tsoucalas, Theodore G Papaioannou, Marianna Karamanou

Publication date: Available online 9 November 2018

Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases

Author(s): Gregory Tsoucalas, Theodore G Papaioannou, Marianna Karamanou

Abstract

Background: The ancient Greek term "apoplexy" as is repeatedly mentioned by the Hippocratic School of Medicine, included a cluster of diseases, mainly those concerning the central nervous system. The term was wrongfully infiltrated in Western European medicine as synonymous to what is called today a "stroke" of the brain. Objective: While in "Corpus Hippocraticum" the definition of the stroke was rather ambiguous; our study aims to unveil those fragments referring to it, in order to compose the Hippocratic theory of what it stood for "Acute Brain Suffering" (Greek: Οξείες Οδύνες του Εγκεφάλου) during the Classical era of ancient Greece. Method: A bibliographic research of the "Hippocratic Collection" was conducted during our study in order to connect all fragments from the original ancient Greek text, and reconstruct the "Hippocratic Stroke Theory". Three editions have been used as reference. French edition by Littré, and two Greek ones by Kaktos and Pournaropoulos. Results: The "Acute Brain Suffering" seems to be the entity we call "Stroke" in modern clinical practice. Edema (collection of fluids-humours theory) was considered to be the most significant element which though could have been addressed by a cranial decompression for the symptoms to improve. The symptoms in question were, acute brain pain, diplopia, vertigo, ataxia, saliva, and urine loss as well as feces incontinence. Conclusion: Both therapeutic approach and symptomatology exhibited significant similarities with the modern concept of the stroke. The Hippocratic School was a scientifically advanced sect of medicophilosophers who promoted global medicine.

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.