Altered electrical properties with controlled copper doping in ZnO nanoparticles infers their cytotoxicity in macrophages by ROS induction and apoptosis
Publication date: Available online 10 November 2018
Source: Chemico-Biological Interactions
Author(s): Bikram Keshari Das, Suresh K. Verma, Tanushree Das, Pritam Kumar Panda, Kajal Parashar, Mrutyunjay Suar, S.K.S. Parashar
The present study reports the regulation of cytotoxicity of Cu doped ZnO nanoparticles in macrophages (RAW 264.7) due to altered physiochemical properties changes like electrical properties by controlled doping of Cu in ZnO. Cu-doped ZnO nanoparticles were prepared by High Energy Ball Milling technique (HEBM) and formed single phase Zn1-xCuxO (x = 0.0, 0.01, 0.02, 0.03) were called as pure ZnO, Cu1%, 2%, 3% respectively. Hexagonal wurtzite structure with size range of 22–26 nm was verified. FE-SEM with EDX analysis indicated the Cu doping effect on the surface morphology of ZnO. Zeta potential of Zn1-xCuxO was found to be elevated with increase in doping percentage of Cu (−36.6 mV to +18.2 mV). Dielectric constant was found to be decreased with increasing doping percentage. Increase in doping percentage enhanced cytotoxicity of Zn1-xCuxO in macrophages with LC50 of 62 μg/ml, 51 μg/ml, 40 μg/ml, 32 μg/ml. Granularity change of macrophages suggested doping influenced cellular uptake as consequence of zeta potential and dielectric properties changes. 3% Cu doped ZnO shown a higher ROS signal and apoptosis than 2% and 1% Cu doping with exhibition of ROS scavenging nature leading to apoptosis of prepared Cu doped ZnO nanoparticles. Our findings revealed mechanism of cytotoxicity of Zn1-xCuxO as a consequence of alteration in electric properties eliciting ROS scavenging leading to higher apoptosis with increasing doping percentage of Cu in ZnO.
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