3 years ago

Undergraduate nursing students' experiences and attitudes towards working with patients with opioid use disorder in the clinical setting: A qualitative content analysis

Laura F. Lewis, Lauren Jarvis

Publication date: Available online 9 November 2018

Source: Nurse Education Today

Author(s): Laura F. Lewis, Lauren Jarvis

Abstract
Background

With the US facing an opioid epidemic, undergraduate nursing students are increasingly encountering patients with opioid use disorder in the clinical setting. Yet, nursing curriculums have not adapted to meet this need. Previous research indicates students are exposed to negative messages that might influence their views about patients with opioid use disorder.

Objectives

The purpose of this study was to examine nursing students' experiences encountering patients with opioid use disorder in the clinical setting, their attitudes about their encounters, and their perceptions of their educational preparedness to care for this population.

Method

Purposive sampling was used to identify participants. Semi-structured interviews were conducted until saturation. Krippendorff's method for qualitative content analysis was used to cluster units within the data to identify emergent themes.

Participants

Eleven senior nursing students from a public university in New England participated.

Results

Analysis revealed six themes, including: navigating ethical dilemmas, gaining comfort with time and experience, avoiding the “elephant in the room,” learning from real-world scenarios, witnessing discriminatory care, and recognizing bias and stigma.

Conclusions

Students were most likely to experience bias and internal conflict in maternity clinical rotations. Education should include practical communication strategies to reduce avoidance behaviors among nursing students as well as techniques to manage difficult situations and reduce moral distress. Nurses must be mindful of their power to influence students and should model non-judgmental language and behavior. Students ultimately expressed a desire to provide informed and empathetic care.

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