3 years ago

The remediation potential and kinetics of cadmium in the green alga Cladophora rupestris

Hui-min Zhang, Geng Geng, Jun-jie Wang, Yue Xin, Qian Zhang, De-ju Cao, You-hua Ma


This study determined the subcellular distribution, chemical forms, and effects of metal homeostasis of excess Cd in Cladophora rupestris. Biosorption data were analyzed with Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption models and kinetic equations. Results showed that C. rupestris can accumulate Cd. Cd mainly localized in the cell wall and debris (42.8–68.2%) of C. rupestris, followed by the soluble fraction (22.1–38.4%) observed in C. rupestris. A large quantity of Cd ions existed as insoluble CdHPO4 complexed with organic acids, Cd(H2PO4)2, Cd-phosphate complexes (FHAC) (43.2–56.0%), and pectate and protein-integrated Cd (FNaCl) (30.8–43.2%). The adsorption data were well fitted by the Freundlich model (R2 = 0.933) and could be described by the pseudo-second-order reaction rate (R2 = 0.997) and Elovich (R2 = 0.972) equations. Related parameters indicated that Cd adsorption by C. rupestris is a heterogeneous diffusion. Cd promoted Ca and Zn uptake by C. rupestris. Cu, Fe, Mn, and Mg adsorption was promoted by low Cd concentrations and inhibited by high Cd concentrations. Results suggested that cell wall sequestration, vacuolar compartmentalization, and chemical morphological transformation are important mechanisms of Cd stress tolerance by C. rupestris. This study suggests that C. rupestris has bioremediation potential of Cd.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11356-018-3661-z

DOI: 10.1007/s11356-018-3661-z

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.